Does A Goal Count As A Shot On Target Football Soccer Team Formations Explained

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Soccer Team Formations Explained

There are many different team formations used in soccer, and each formation has its own inherent strengths and weaknesses. As a player it is important to understand the structure of this formation, especially the movement and positioning of an individual within the larger team structure. It is equally important for a coach or manager to understand how formations work, so they know which formations to choose that reflect the strengths and weaknesses of the players in the team. I will name a few formations widely used in soccer and give my advice for each, having been playing and coaching for over 20 years and talking to experts in the game.

4-4-2 classic

The classic 4-4-2 formation in soccer is the bread and butter of the formation, as the name suggests, it consists of 4 defenders, 4 midfielders and 2 strikers/forwards. This is the most popular formation because it has the most perfect balance of attack and defense, it is especially popular in the English and Dutch leagues. 4-4-2 can be both attacking and defensive depending on the type of players in your team. A more defensive 4-4-2 will encourage man-marking, with two holding defensive center midfielders and a target man striker who drops back and helps defend corners and free-kicks. A more attacking 4-4-2 will rely on skilful and quick wing backs and wingers who will overlap down the wings using zonal marking. The key to a good 4-4-2 is having a well-organized back four defenders, with wing backs who ideally have the fitness and speed to defend and overlap and attack. The next requirement is to have a midfielder with a high work rate, good tackling, good passing and a close control first touch. The striker combination is ideal for a tall and strong target man who brings others into play and combines a short and fast goal hunter. The key to the 4-4-2 is that everyone understands their position in attack and defence. Arsenal Football Club in England are masters of the attacking 4-4-2, using players with strong passing skills, first touch and very fit and overlapping wing backs. For Arsenal, Cesc Fabregas is the playmaker with wing backs Ebo, Clichy and Sagna known for their athleticism and pace. The wing backs are further supported by creative and attack-minded wingers such as Samir Nasri and Theo Walcott. Short passing, especially triangle passing and effective use of the “one two” compliments the 4-4-2 formation perfectly and is arguably the perfect formation for teams looking to hold possession for long periods.

benefits– The most popular formation in football to date and therefore the easiest to play, balanced in attack and defence, suitable for counter attacking teams, suitable for teams with overlapping full backs

Disadvantages – Being the most popular formation means people want to know how to use that tactic, strong midfielders are needed in defense and attack – Good positioning skills are needed from all players to help start attacks and run backs and support the defenders, ideally you need strong passing There are players with skill – especially close range triangle passing


The 4-3-3 is an attack-minded formation popularized by Ajax Amsterdam in the 70s, consisting of a back 4, 3 midfielders who are usually close together and 3 forwards who are usually split between a center forward and two wing forwards. . This formation is suited to a team with a large number of strikers or wing players, however it also requires a very organized midfield that can defend as a team. All three strikers should spread right through the middle and look to bring the wing forwards into play. The 4-3-3 is perfect for teams that like to play counter attacking football, as the midfielders can quickly distribute the ball to the wing forwards and bring extra players into each attack, especially good for overloading the front.

benefits – Good for teams with attacking strengths, encourages the use of the full-width of the pitch which can stretch the other teams defence, is a good option for counter-attacking teams, four defenders give the team piece of mind if the midfielders or strikers don’t move back

Disadvantages – Fewer midfielders means more pressure on the back four, you need to have enough midfielders with a high work rate and defensive skills, ideally you need a striker who can hold the ball up effectively, this formation can be used tactically. Teams playing live in the center of the park.


The 5-3-2 is a defensive formation, using a back 5 with three midfielders and two strikers. A typical 5-3-2 consists of three centre-backs, one of whom drops deep and acts as a sweeper, with the remaining two defenders usually occupying the wing-back role. Good positioning, communication and understanding between defenders is essential to operate the back 5 effectively. Three midfielders are usually spread across the park with one in the middle and two on either wing, or more compact with three central midfielders. It depends on the attacking quality of the wing backs in your team, if they don’t have the skills to go forward it would be wiser to play with two wingers. A striker is usually expected to be a clinical finisher if the midfield players do not have an attack mentality or have a good shot. Rangers FC used a 5-3-2 formation in the Scottish Football League.

benefits – This is a good formation to use if the team you are playing is a better attacking side than yours, the crowd at the back of the team looking to connect a short pass to the opposition striker, favors a team with attacking wing backs, which are good for teams. Specializing in defense

Disadvantages – Wing backs must be attacked, less midfielder presence makes possession difficult, strong defensive leader required to organize back 5, lack of numbers in midfield encourages longer passing game

4-2-3-1 Christmas tree

The Christmas Tree formation, popularized by Ancelotti when he managed AC Milan, consists of a back four, two defensive midfielders, three attacking midfielders and a lone striker up front. The AC Milan team featured the legendary Gennaro Gattuso and Andrea Pirlo as defensive midfielders, a combination of beauty and beast. Gattuso was a beast known for his defensive ability to win the ball, while Pirlo was renowned for his passing beauty and vision to link the ball to forwards such as Ronaldinho, Inzaghi and Seedorf.

benefits – The Christmas Tree formation has a good balance between attack and defense – by having two defensive midfielders you add cover to your defense during the counter-attack. The Christmas Tree formation is suited to teams that have more defenders than attackers on the roster and teams that like to counter the fast attack. The Christmas Tree formation is good to use as an alternative to 4-4-2 at junior level as it teaches the team to defend and attack as a unit.

Disadvantages – For a Christmas Tree formation to be successful you need four talented attacking midfielders/forwards, who ideally have some chemistry up front, without which, you will be short on ideas going forward. The two defensive midfielders also need to have a good understanding of positioning, so as not to overcrowd the defense and increase the chances of misunderstandings.

A final comment

There are various formations used in football nowadays and it is up to the manager to decide which formation suits the players. As a coach it is a good idea to test all your players in the preseason to measure football philosophy (culture, attack or defence?, experience), physical attributes (fitness, speed, strength, jumping etc.), technical attributes (passing). , long shots, tackling, technique, etc.) and their mental attributes (teamwork, work rate, positioning, expectations, etc.). Gathering this information will help you determine what type of structure will best fit the best qualities inherent in your overall team.

I recommend the 4-4-2 formation as the best formation in most situations, it is the most widely used formation as it has the best balance between attack and defence. It’s also uncomplicated which means there’s less chance of confusion when a team switches from defense to attack and vice versa. Key to transition is having a midfield that can pass the ball effectively using triangle passing, one-twos and overlaps. The midfield must be able to run back and defend if the attack breaks down, for example, if a central midfielder loses the ball in attack and does not run back, this means the central defender has to move out of position to cover. gap, this opens up a gap in the defense line. Ideally your two central midfielders should have the skills of fitness, stamina, passing, vision, creativity, work rate, tackling, teamwork and composure.

As important as it is for players to understand how the formation works, every player on the team must know where they should be when the team is defending, attacking and in transition. I recommend that players hold their positions strictly, unless they have good chemistry and know how to cover positional gaps, Barcelona is an example of a team where players are often out of position but the teammates who cover the gaps they leave always support them.

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